A total of 67 000 jobs were lost in the second quarter of this year, largely due to temporary employment by the Independent Electoral Commission (IEC) during the elections.
Statistician-General Pali Lehohla said there was a hike in employment in the community, social and personal services industry before the elections after the IEC employed about 53 000 people. After the elections, 48 000 people lost their jobs in the same industry, Lehohla said at the announcement of the quarterly employment statistics in Pretoria yesterday.
“The temporary employment by the IEC caused the spike in the industry. By the end of the second quarter, those employed people were demobilised and a good number were left unemployed.”
The community sector was hit hardest with 48 000 job losses. Manufacturing and transport had 7 000 losses each, trade lost 4 000 jobs and finance and mining 1000 each. Electricity remained unchanged and construction gained by 1 000 jobs. Job losses were reported in the community, social and personal services industries, transport and communications, trade, finance and business services and the mining and quarrying industries.
The manufacturing industry had an annual decrease of 16 000 employees in June this year compared with June 2015, Lehohla said. Manufacturing continued to lose jobs in the June 2016 quarter, he said.
The industry lost 7 000 employees in the reference quarter, which follows a revised decrease of 6 000 employees in the March 2016 quarter. Most of the job losses were observed in the manufacturing of food products, beverages and tobacco products, with decreases of 5 000.
The mining industry continued to lose jobs year-on-year, with 32 000 jobs shed in June 2016 compared with June 2015. In the second quarter of this year, 1 000 employees were lost, making it the eighth consecutive quarter where declines were observed since fourth quarter of 2014.
Gross earnings saw a hike of 0.01% in June 2016 compared with March 2016. The changes in gross earnings were due to base effects which arose due to cost-of-living adjustments, bonus payments and overtime payments paid.