KidsParenting News

The first few months of pregnancy explained

The first month of your pregnancy begins in the 3rd week after your last menstrual cycle. Early pregnancy signs include fatigue and nausea.

Once you discover you’re pregnant, you experience a rush of emotions. You probably have a myriad of questions at the start of your pregnancy. Affinity Health provides these tips on managing the first few months of pregnancy.

What happens in the first trimester?

The best things in life come in threes, and trimesters make pregnancy an adventure. The changes that occur to you and your baby fall into three main categories:

  • Early-stage – this is the first trimester.
  • Middle stage – this is the second trimester.
  • Late-stage – this is the third trimester.

A full-term pregnancy lasts approximately nine months. Nine months may sound like a long time to wait for your baby to arrive. But you can relax knowing that African bush elephants are pregnant for 22 months!

How does pregnancy affect a woman’s body? 

The first trimester starts on the first day of your last period. It lasts until the end of the 13th week from your last period.

Early signs of pregnancy are unique to each woman. Some women may show initial symptoms within a week or two of conception. Other women might not experience symptoms for the first few months.

Here are a few of the most common early signs of pregnancy: 

Morning sickness or nausea  

No one knows the exact cause of morning sickness. The predominant indicator of pregnancy is the presence of the HCG hormone in the blood. HCG stands for human chorionic gonadotropin. A high level of (HCG) or oestrogen may be to blame for the onset of morning sickness.

The following lifestyle factors can also trigger morning sickness:

  • Stress
  • Exhaustion
  • Certain foods
  • Odour or aroma sensitivity
  • Motion sensitivity

Pregnant can try eating small, bland, high-protein snacks. Snacks can include crackers, cold meat, or cheese. Sipping water, clear fruit juice (apple juice), or ginger tea can calm morning sickness.

Sore breasts 

Another early indicator of pregnancy is sore breasts. Wearing a support bra or a larger bra size will relieve discomfort.


Your body is putting in more effort to keep up with the demands of a growing baby. Thus, you’ll get tired faster than usual.

Take naps or rest during the day when necessary. Iron deficiency can lead to a variety of health problems. Anaemia might make you feel even more exhausted if you eat too little.

Frequent trips to the toilet  

Your bladder may feel the strain of your expanding uterus. As a result, you may frequent the restroom more than you expect.


Indigestion, often known as heartburn or acid reflux, is frequent during pregnancy.

Hormone fluctuations and the growing baby pressing against your tummy can cause indigestion. You can help ease indigestion and heartburn by making lifestyle and dietary adjustments.

  • Eat several small meals during the day.
  • Don’t go to sleep straight after eating.
  • Avoid fatty, spicy, or acidic foods (like citrus fruits).

How much weight will you gain during pregnancy? 

If you gain weight during pregnancy, this is normal. Most women gain one to three kilograms in the first trimester. But the extra person you’re carrying doesn’t mean that you’re eating for two.

During the first trimester, you need an extra 150 calories each day. Adding the following food to your diet will help you meet your calorie needs:

  • More fruits and vegetables
  • Milk
  • Whole-grain bread
  • Lean meat

Emotional changes 

Throughout your first trimester, you may experience a range of emotions. Hormone fluctuations might make you cranky or irritated. Mood swings are prevalent during pregnancy.

Related Articles

Back to top button