Towing a trailer – here’s what you need to know

Whether it’s a trailer, a boat or a caravan, towing should be done correctly to avoid damage to your vehicle and accidents on our roads.

With all the hard lockdown restrictions this year many people have foregone their usual mid-year holiday and will be making their way to the coast in a week or so.

Whether it’s a trailer, a boat or a caravan, towing should be done correctly to avoid damage to your vehicle and accidents on our roads.

Dewald Ranft, Chairman of the Motor Industry Workshop Association (MIWA), a proud association of the Retail Motor Industry Organisation (RMI), says the first thing to ensure is that the trailer or caravan has been properly serviced by a competent person.

“These have probably been standing idle since last December. During the service, the following areas should receive special attention: brakes (if fitted); electrical connections and components such as lights, cables etc; wheel bearings (these need to be greased if the trailer has been standing for a lengthy period); and tyres with emphasis on the tyre age i.e. cracks etc.”

He adds that it is also important to ensure you have the correct licence and what you are towing falls within the legal requirements in terms of weight in relation to your vehicle.

“Many motorists don’t realise that their driver’s licence regulates what vehicle they can drive and what type of trailer they can pull. The AA provides a break-down of license codes and the corresponding trailer weight. It also explains how to calculate the trailer to car weight ratio. It is important that motorists don’t attempt to tow an item that is too heavy for their vehicle,” says Ranft.

The cost of fuel and fuel consumption is also a factor to consider before heading off on holiday with a trailer, boat or caravan in tow.

“Towing roughly halves your normal distance so be careful to plan your stops beforehand. It’s also important to budget for the additional fuel you’ll use when towing. You’ll need to double your usual fuel expenditure,” he advises.

Ranft says that speeding is the number one cause of accidents when towing.

“Drivers need to be aware that the stopping distance is far longer when towing and allow for this.” He adds that passing heavy vehicles and vice versa creates a vortex which can affect the towing combination stability. “Ensure that you are not caught unawares. Do not use excessive braking when descending a steep descent as this may overheat the brakes on the units and lead to premature brake failure. Rather select a lower gear to assist with the braking force and keep to the recommended speed limit.”

Weight is also a key consideration when towing. Towing a trailer can be dangerous with the wrong weight distribution as illustrated in the following youtube clip:

If more than 40% of the load is on the back it becomes unstable. At least 60% should be in the front. A tail heavy trailer could whip you off the road and cause an accident.

He also encourages drivers who stop to assist a broken-down vehicle to ensure they use the correct equipment before attempting to tow the vehicle. “Use only approved towing equipment such as towing bars and ropes.

Be aware when using a rope that it will slacken on deceleration. By using the correct rope you avoid the risk of the rope snapping on acceleration.

A tow bar should be used if the towed vehicle’s brakes are not working. Be aware that the steering on the towed vehicle may be extremely heavy when the engine is not running so too are the brakes without vacuum assistance,” he adds.

“Every December and January we have many fatalities on our roads. Let’s make sure that we tow responsibly and take it easy on our roads this festive season,” concludes Ranft.

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