Dr Dulcy Rakumakoe
4 minute read
3 Aug 2020
12:15 pm

What you need to know about endometriosis

Dr Dulcy Rakumakoe

The main complication of endometriosis is infertility. Approximately one-third to one-half of women have difficulty getting pregnant.

Picture: iStock

Endometriosis is a painful disorder in which tissue that normally lines the inside of your uterus, the endometrium, grows outside your uterus. Endometriosis most commonly involves your ovaries, fallopian tubes and the tissue lining your pelvis. It can happen that the endometrial tissue may spread beyond pelvic organs. With endometriosis, displaced endometrial tissue continues to act as it normally would, but thickens and breaks down and bleeds with each menstrual cycle. Because this displaced tissue has no way to exit your body, it becomes trapped. When endometriosis involves the ovaries, cysts called endometriomas may form. Surrounding tissue can become irritated,...