Ina Opperman

By Ina Opperman

Business Journalist

Two-pot retirement system: 20% will have R0 to withdraw from their funds

Have you checked to see how much you will be able to withdraw from the savings pot under the two-pot retirement system after 1 September?

About 20% of pension fund members will have no funds to withdraw under the two-pot retirement system that will be implemented on 1 September 2024.

To avoid disappointment, members who plan to withdraw must rather check to see how much, if any, they will be able to withdraw funds.

Natasha Huggett-Henchie, consulting actuary and member of the Actuarial Society of South Africa (ASSA) Retirement Matters Committee, encourages retirement fund members to start preparing for the implementation of the two-pot retirement system by ensuring that they can access their most recent retirement benefit statements.

Do your two-pot retirement system homework

Retirement fund members receive regular benefit statements from their employers or product providers, but most of them usually do not pay any attention to them – until they need the money, change jobs or retire.

She says the next step is for retirement fund members to understand how much they have already saved for retirement.

“Understanding how much you have already saved towards your retirement is the first step in understanding how much, if anything, you are permitted to withdraw on 1 September 2024.”

ALSO READ: Industry body welcomes two-pot retirement system

Withdrawals allowed from savings pot in two-pot retirement system

From 1 September 2024, 10% of a member’s retirement savings (up to R30 000) will be allocated to the savings pot. You can then withdraw the amount in the savings pot at any time as long as the withdrawal is R2 000 or more.

If the balance in the savings pot is less than R2 000, no withdrawal is allowed until that savings pot grows to R2 000.

Huggett-Henchie says this means that your fund credit must be at least R20 000 on 31 August 2024 to have the minimum amount available immediately.

She estimates that at least 20% of the country’s retirement fund members will not have enough money in their savings pots on 1 September 2024 to make a withdrawal.

“Rather than wait for 1 September 2024 and then suffer the disappointment of not having the minimum withdrawal amount of R2 000 in your savings pot, check your retirement benefit statement sooner rather than later.”

Average benefit of 20%

The ASSA Retirement Matters Committee surveyed some of the country’s biggest retirement fund administrators and found that the average benefit of the 20% of retirement fund members with retirement savings below R20 000 is projected to be around R9 000 on 1 September 2024.

Of this R9 000, 10% (or R900) will go into the new savings pot. Since at least R20 000 is required to enable the minimum withdrawal of R2 000, retirement fund members who fall into this 20% category must first build up enough savings before they can access their money.

ALSO READ: Two-pot retirement system will bring major change in R3.27 trillion industry

How long will it take 20% to save enough to withdraw R2 000 minimum?

Huggett-Henchie estimates that it will take the average employee in the 20% category around four to six months from 1 September 2024 to build up a savings pot of R2 000.

This means they could only access their savings pot for the first time early in 2025.

The average monthly salary of employees who fall within 20% of retirement fund members who cannot access their savings pot, is R9 417.

The average net retirement contribution is around 10% monthly or R942.

Starting from 1 September 2024, one-third of the monthly retirement fund contributions (R314) will go into their savings pots, where R900 is already waiting and the rest will be committed to the retirement pot that cannot be accessed until retirement.

Therefore, she says, it will take around four months for these members to have a savings pot fund value above R2 000 (R900 + R314 x 4 = R2 156).

Many retirement fund members hoping to be able to dip into their savings before the start of the holiday season at the end of the year will be left disappointed.

“To avoid finding out in September this year that there is not enough money in the accessible savings pot, we urge retirement fund members to obtain their most recent benefit statements and work out where they will be by September.”

ALSO READ: Two-pot retirement system: these are the risks

Beware: The taxman will want a share

Huggett-Henchie says it is also critically important to remind retirement fund members that Sars will tax their savings pot withdrawals either at their current marginal tax rate or at a higher rate if the withdrawal pushes the applicant into a higher tax bracket.

“In addition, there will most likely be an administrative fee payable. You will, therefore, never receive the full amount you applied for.”

She says retirement fund members must carefully weigh the pros and cons of accessing their savings pot, bearing in mind that it is intended only to provide relief in extreme financial distress.

“Accessing your savings pot and using the money for anything other than a serious financial emergency is reckless and costly and comes with serious financial consequences many years later when you need the money for your retirement.”

ALSO READ: Beware of these myths about the two-pot retirement system

Keep this in mind for the two-pot retirement system

Huggett-Henchie says pension fund members must remember with the two-pot retirement system that:

  • You have R20 000 or more in benefits before you apply for a withdrawal from your savings pot once the two-pot retirement system kicks in after 1 September 2024. If you have at least R20 000, you will be able to withdraw R2 000.
  • The withdrawal is taxable and an administration fee will likely also be deducted. Therefore, you will not receive the full withdrawal from your savings pot.
  • You will not be able to make a withdrawal from your savings pot unless you have a tax number.
  • Every time you access your savings pot, you not only pay tax on the amount, but also reduce the cash lump sum of up to R550 000 that you are allowed to access tax-free on retirement.
  • The savings pot, which you will be allowed to access once every tax year after 1 September 2024, is meant to provide relief in cases of extreme financial need. Accessing under any other circumstances is a costly exercise that will also impact the size of your retirement nest egg.

For more news your way

Download our app and read this and other great stories on the move. Available for Android and iOS.

For more news your way

Download our app and read this and other great stories on the move. Available for Android and iOS.