Explosions blasted off throughout Myanmar’s largest city Yangon on Saturday as protesters held flash marches for democracy, defying a brutal junta that has held onto power for three blood-drenched months.
The country has been in uproar since the military ousted civilian leader Aung San Suu Kyi on February 1, bringing an abrupt end to Myanmar’s short-lived experiment with democracy.
The power grab triggered a massive uprising, which authorities have tried to quell by deploying lethal force and live ammunition.
As Myanmar entered its fourth month under military rule on Saturday, protesters in commercial hub Yangon — an epicentre of unrest with a heavy security presence — staged flash demonstrations, marching rapidly through the streets to avoid confrontation with police and soldiers.
The lightning-quick pace of the Yangon protests is “so that people will have time to disappear when the security forces come, or else they would die or get arrested”, said student activist Min Han Htet.
In Yangon’s Insein township, a bomb blast went off around 10 am near a local school, said a resident staying nearby.
“Some security forces came to check the blast area, but I only watched from a distance from my home because I was worried they would arrest me,” he told AFP.
By afternoon, two more blasts went off in Yankin, further south, according to locals living in the leafy residential township.
“I thought it was thunder,” a resident told AFP, adding that the explosions left the security forces nervous.
It remains unclear if anyone was injured by the blasts.
No one has claimed responsibility for the bombs — which are exploding with increasing frequency in Yangon.
– ‘They made people live in fear’ –
Since the junta seized power on February 1, the former capital has utterly transformed — with barricades erected in key protest hotspots, security forces on patrol, and residents reporting nighttime arrests of suspected dissidents.
“They (the junta) have made people live in fear and it is good to have them on edge as well,” the Yankin resident said.
He also praised the flash protesters for their ingenuity to evade arrest and crackdowns.
“Any show of defiance without getting captured or killed is great for the resistance.”
Across the country, nearly 760 civilians have been killed in the anti-coup unrest, according to a local monitoring group, though the junta has recorded a far lower death toll.
But the anti-junta movement remains undeterred, with demonstrators gathering Saturday in central Monywa city — a flashpoint for violence — carrying signs that said “Monywa cannot be ruled”.
In southern Dawei, protesters waved the signature red flags of Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy (NLD) party, and carried signs that said “We want democracy”.
Wanted posters of junta leader Senior General Min Aung Hlaing were also pasted around town, calling him a “power addict”.
He has continuously justified the putsch as necessary to protect democracy, alleging fraud in November’s election which Suu Kyi’s party won in a landslide.
– Rebels fighting –
The unceasing violence against protesters has drawn the ire of some of Myanmar’s myriad ethnic armies, many of which have been battling the military for decades in border regions.
Several have condemned the military and come out in support of the anti-junta movement, offering shelter to fleeing activists in the territory they control.
Clashes between the military and the Karen National Union (KNU), one of the leading rebel groups, have escalated since the coup.
The KNU have seized and razed military posts and the junta has responded with repeated air strikes in the rebels’ Karen state heartland — the latest happening right after midnight Saturday.
The targeted area is right next to Thailand’s northern Mae Hong Son province, and displaced residents have fled across the Salween river — demarcating the border.
“Myanmar soldiers used a fighter aircraft to launch an air strike operation, firing two rockets and artilleries” around 12:48 am, said a statement released by Mae Hong Son’s governor Sithichai Jindaluang.
He added that more than 2,300 Myanmar nationals have crossed into Thailand.
Media and local Karen aid groups were blocked access to the refugees, with authorities citing the spread of Covid-19 as a reason — stopping to check the temperatures of locals returning home.
Violence has also flared in Myanmar’s northern Kachin state between the Kachin Independence Army and the military — which launched air strikes in Momauk township Friday.
Saturday saw fresh artillery shelling hit two small towns, according to a humanitarian worker, who said residents were fearful about the fighting getting closer.
The United Nations Development Programme said Friday that due to the twin effects of the coup and the pandemic, half of the country’s population could be living in poverty by 2022.