Ski industry melts away as snowless Gulmarg gives tour operators a headache in Kashmir
The Warming temperatures also hurt agriculture. Scientists warn rising global temperatures are unleashing a cascade of extreme weather events.
CLIMATE-SKIING. Participants walk during the opening ceremony of Khelo India Winter Games at a ski resort in Gulmarg north of Srinagar last year. Pic: AFP
This year, the deep powder once taken for granted is gone. The slopes are brown and bare, a stark example of the impact of the extreme weather caused by the rapidly heating planet, experts say.
“Seeing this snowless Gulmarg, I feel like crying every day,” said adventure tour operator Mubashir Khan, who has put wedding plans on hold with his business teetering near collapse.
“In the 20 years of my working here, this is the first time I see no snow in Gulmarg in January,” said Majeed Bakshi, whose heliskiing service for high-spending tourists stands idle.
A lone helicopter waits for the few tourists who have still come, offering flights over higher peaks that have a dusting of snow.
“Our guests are mainly skiers, and they have all cancelled their bookings,” said hotel manager Hamid Masoodi. “Those who come despite no snow are also disappointed.”
Ski lifts are closed, rental shops are shut and a newly constructed ice rink is a pool of dank water.
“The current dry spell is an extreme weather event – which are predicted to become more intense and frequent in the future,” said climate scientist Shakil Romshoo, from Kashmir’s Islamic University of Science and Technology.
For decades, an insurgency seeking independence or a merger with Pakistan – and military operations to crush that movement – has seen tens of thousands of civilians, soldiers and rebels killed in Kashmir.
The rebellion has lost much of its former strength, and India has been heavily promoting domestic tourism in the region, home to spectacular mountain scenery but in Gulmarg, hotel bookings have plunged by as much as three quarters, tourism professionals say, as hundreds of guides and scooter drivers sit waiting in the sunshine, praying for snow.
“Most foreigners who mainly come for skiing on the deep powder slopes have cancelled,” Bakshi said.
“I have lost about 70% of bookings so far.” Perched at 2 650 metres, the Himalayan resort is also home to the Indian army’s High Altitude Warfare School, located close to the highly militarised Line of Control, the de facto border that divides contested Kashmir between India and Pakistan.
Kashmir has recorded little rain, and temperatures are about 6°C higher than normal since autumn last year, according to meteorology officials. Last month, precipitation across Kashmir was down 80% from past years. Gulmarg received a few snow showers, but that soon melted.
India’s Ministry of Earth Sciences said in a 2020 report they expected the Himalayas and Kashmir would be “particularly subject” to warming temperatures.
Earlier this month, the UN’s World Meteorological Organisation said the 2023 annual average global temperature was 1.45°C above pre-industrial levels (1850-1900) – the warmest year on record.
The nine hottest individual years on record were the last nine. In Kashmir, the impact is clear. Gulmarg’s bowl-shaped landscape, beloved by tourists for the snow in winter and meadows of flowers in spring, is brown and bleak.
‘Prolonged dry spells’
Scientists warn rising global temperatures are unleashing a cascade of extreme weather events. Beyond the collapse of the skiing industry, many in the ecologically fragile region are worried about impending water shortages that would have a dire potential impact on agriculture.
Romshoo, the climate scientist, said research indicates Kashmir “will experience more frequent and prolonged dry spells”, worsening in the decades ahead.
Changing weather patterns have already altered farming practices. Snow melt usually helps refresh the usually full rivers, but this week, authorities in Kashmir warned of water shortages and the risk of forest fires, with many wooded areas tinder dry.
Rice farmers needing plentiful water for their paddy fields have begun switching to fruit. But that crop is also at risk, with the dry spell and sunshine meaning some trees are already flowering, blossoming more than two months early.